When a discounted bond is sold, the amount of the bond’s discount must be amortized to interest expense over the life of the bond. When using the effective interest method, the debit amount in the discount on bonds payable is moved to the interest account.
How do you amortize a bond discount?
Amortizing Bond Discount with the Effective Interest Rate Method. When a bond is sold at a discount, the amount of the bond discount must be amortized to interest expense over the life of the bond. … This means that as a bond’s book value increases, the amount of interest expense will increase.
How do you record discounts on bonds payable?
Discount on Bonds Payable will always appear on the balance sheet with the account Bonds Payable. In other words, if the bond is a long-term liability, both Bonds Payable and Discount on Bonds Payable will be reported on the balance sheet as long-term liabilities.
What are the methods of amortizing discount or premium on bonds payable?
If the company uses the amortized cost approach to measure a long-term debt, it can use two methods to amortize the discount and the premium: the effective interest rate method, or. the straight-line method (allowed only under U.S. GAAP).
What happens when you amortize a bond discount?
Discounted bonds’ amortization always leads to an effective interest expense that is higher than the payment of the bond interest coupon for each period. If a bond is sold at a discount, it means that the market interest rate is above the coupon rate.
What are the normal balances for discount on bonds payable?
The normal balance of the Discount on Bonds Payable is a debit, and it is subtracted from the Bonds Payable account to determine the carrying amount.
What is discount on bonds payable in balance sheet?
The discount on bonds payable is the difference between the face amount of a bond and the reduced price at which it was sold by the issuer. This happens when investors need to earn a higher effective interest rate than the stated interest rate associated with a bond.
How should discount on bonds payable be reported on the financial statements premium on bonds payable?
Discount (premium) on bonds payable should be reported in the balance sheet as a direct deduction from (addition to) the face amount of the bond. Both are liability valuation accounts. … The effective-interest method results in an increasing or decreasing amount of interest each period.
Is discounts on bonds payable a liability?
A contra liability account that reports the amount of unamortized discount associated with bonds that are outstanding. The discount on bonds payable originates when bonds are issued for less than the bond’s face or maturity amount.
Why is it necessary to amortize a premium or discount on a bond investment?
When interest rates go up, the market value of bonds goes down and vice versa. It leads to market premiums and discounts on the face value of bonds. The bond premium has to be amortized periodically, thus leading to a reduction in the cost basis. It facilitates the taxation of assets.